Incidental motions concern business that needs to be brought before the house immediately.
Incidental motions must pertain to the pending business. They have no rank among themselves and outrank all other motions. Only one incidental motion may be pending at a time.
Point of Order If a delegate believes the rules of order are being breached, he/she makes a Point of Order, asking the Speaker to rule on the issue. If the Speaker fails to see an infraction, he/she may ask the delegate to explain the complaint.
This motion does not require a second or a vote. Point of Order is the only motion that doesn’t require recognition from the Speaker and may interrupt another speaker.
Appeal the Ruling of the Chair After the Speaker rules on an issue such as a Point of Order, the house may vote to on whether to sustain or overrule the Speaker's decision.
For example, if the Speaker rules that a motion is out of order, a delegate may want the house to override the speaker. If the appeal is seconded, the house decides whether to uphold or overrule the Speaker's decision.
An appeal is subject to the general rules of debate, and the Speaker may explain his/her decision. The speaker does not have to relinquish the chair during the discussion. A simple majority decides the question.
Suspend the Rules When a house desires to consider a matter or do something that isn't specified in the Rules of Order, it may suspend the rules.
A motion to suspend the rules requires a second, is debatable, and requires a two-thirds majority for passage.
A motion to suspend the rules must include the purpose for suspending the rules. Once that purpose has been accomplished, the rules are automatically back in effect. No motion or action is necessary to re-instate the rules.
When the rules are suspended, only actions that are in pursuit of the stated purpose may be taken.
Division of the House Immediately after a voice vote, any three members in the Senate or in a standing committee or any five members in the House of Representatives or in a Joint Session may request a roll call vote.
Those requesting a roll call should raise a hand immediately after the presiding officer announces the results of the voice vote.